Mass co-creation, like the “crowdwriting” we proposed, is
great, but without active and motivated leaders, large-scale tasks are not yet solved. Strong, well-known and authoritative Eco-Guards are needed.
There is no time for their upbringing “from the cradle”.
a) we attract VIPs of different levels to support and develop the SDGs and ESC;
b) we find eco-neutrals and even eco-villains (people, firms, organizations, countries), re-educate them and turn them into eco-guards
The UN formulated and adopted (including Russia) 17 sustainable development goals, the achievement of which should lead to the creation and preservation of the Noosphere, ensuring the survival of mankind.
Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Globally, the number of people living in extreme poverty fell from 36% in 1990 to 10% in 2015. But the pace of change is slowing, and the COVID-19 crisis risks undoing decades of progress against poverty. A new study published by the United Nations World Development Economics Research Institute warns that the economic impact of a global pandemic could increase global poverty by another half a billion people, or 8% of the world's total population. Such an increase in global poverty would be the first time in 30 years since 1990.
More than 700 million people, or 10% of the world's population, still live in extreme poverty today, struggling to meet the most basic needs, such as those for health care, education and access to water and sanitation. Most people living on less than $1.90 a day live in sub-Saharan Africa. Globally, the poverty rate in rural areas is 17.2%, more than three times higher than in urban areas.
For the working population, having a job does not guarantee a decent standard of living. In 2018, 8% of workers and their families worldwide were actually living in extreme poverty. One in five children live in extreme poverty. Ensuring social protection for all children and other vulnerable groups is critical to poverty reduction.
Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
After decades of steady decline, the number of people suffering from hunger - measured by the prevalence of undernourishment - began to slowly rise again in 2015. The world is currently estimated to be almost hungry 690 million people, or 8.9 percent of the world's population—an increase of 10 million people in one year and nearly 60 million in five years.
The world is failing to reach the Zero Hunger goal by 2030. If trends continue, by 2030 the number of people suffering from hunger will exceed 840 million.
According to the World Food Program, 135 million people suffer from hunger, mainly due to man-made conflicts, climate change and economic recession. The COVID-19 pandemic could now double that number, putting another 130 million people at risk of hunger by the end of 2020.
With more than a quarter of a billion people potentially on the brink of starvation, swift action is needed to ensure food and humanitarian assistance reaches the areas most at risk.
At the same time, the global food and agricultural system needs to be fundamentally transformed so that we can feed the more than 690 million people who are hungry today and 2 billion more by 2050. Increasing agricultural productivity and sustainable food production are critical to reducing the risk of hunger.
Goal 3: Ensuring healthy lifestyles and promoting well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lifestyles and promoting well-being for all at all ages are important components of sustainable development.
The world is currently experiencing an unprecedented global health crisis as COVID-19 is spreading human suffering, destabilizing the global economy and fundamentally changing the lives of billions of people around the world.
Prior to the pandemic, significant progress had been made in terms of improving the health of millions of people. Significant progress has been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the most common causes of death associated with child and maternal mortality. But more efforts are needed to completely eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health problems. By focusing on better financing health systems, improving sanitation and hygiene, and increasing access to doctors, significant progress can be made in helping to save the lives of millions of people.
Health emergencies such as COVID-19 represent a global risk and have demonstrated the urgent need for preparedness. The United Nations Development Program has highlighted the vast disparities in countries' ability to cope with and recover from the COVID-19 crisis. The pandemic represents a tipping point for preparedness for health emergencies and for investing in critical national public services of the 21st century.
Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Education lays the foundation for improving the socio-economic conditions of people's lives and plays a key role in lifting people out of poverty. Significant progress has been made over the past decade in improving access to education and enrollment at all levels, in particular for girls. Despite this, some 260 million children were still out of school in 2018, nearly a fifth of the world's population in this age group. In addition, more than half of all children and adolescents worldwide do not meet minimum standards in reading and math.
In 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic spread around the world, most countries announced temporary school closures, affecting more than 91% of students worldwide. By April 2020, about 1.6 billion children and young people were out of school. And the nearly 369 million children who rely on school meals have been forced to seek other sources of daily nutrition.
Never before have so many children been excluded from school at the same time, disrupting learning and transforming lives, especially among the most vulnerable and marginalized populations. The global pandemic has far-reaching implications that could jeopardize the hard-won gains made in improving global education.
Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but also an essential basis for achieving peace, prosperity and sustainable development. Progress has been made in recent decades with more girls going to school, fewer girls being forced into early marriage, more women serving in parliament and leadership positions, and law reform to ensure gender equality. Despite these achievements, many challenges remain: discriminatory laws and social norms remain pervasive, women are also under-represented at all levels of political leadership, and one in five women and girls aged 15 to 49 report physical or sexual abuse. intimate partner violence that occurred during the year. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic could undo the limited progress that has been made on gender equality and women's rights. The coronavirus outbreak is exacerbating existing inequalities for women and girls in everything from health and the economy to security and social protection.
Women play a disproportionate role in the response to this virus, including as primary health care workers and home caregivers. Women's unpaid care work has risen significantly due to school closures and growing needs of older people. Women are also hit harder by the economic impact of COVID-19 as they work disproportionately in insecure labor markets. Almost 60% of women work in the informal economy, which puts them at greater risk of impoverishment. The pandemic has also led to a sharp increase in violence against women and girls. Due to lockdown measures in place, many women find themselves trapped by their abusers at home, struggling to access services that are suffering cutbacks and restrictions. New evidence suggests that violence against women and girls, especially domestic violence, has increased since the start of the pandemic.
Goal 6: Ensure the availability and sustainable use of water and sanitation for all
Despite significant progress in expanding access to clean drinking water and sanitation, billions of people, mostly in rural areas, continue to be deprived of these basic services. Globally, one in three people lack access to safe drinking water, two in five people lack basic handwashing facilities with soap and water, and more than 673 million people continue to practice open defecation.
The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the critical importance of sanitation, hygiene and adequate access to clean water in order to prevent and contain disease. Hand hygiene saves lives. According to the World Health Organization, handwashing is one of the most effective actions you can take to reduce the spread of pathogens and prevent infections, including the COVID-19 virus. Yet billions of people still lack access to safe water and sanitation, and funding is inadequate.
Goal 7: Ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
The world is making progress towards Goal 7, and there are encouraging signs that energy is becoming more sustainable and widely available. Access to electricity in poorer countries has accelerated, energy efficiency continues to improve, and the electricity sector is making impressive strides in renewable energy.
However, more attention needs to be paid to expanding access to clean and safe cooking fuels and technologies for 3 billion people, expanding the use of renewable energy sources outside the electricity sector, and increasing electrification in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Energy Progress Report provides a global dashboard for capturing progress on energy access, energy efficiency and renewables. It assesses the progress each country has made in these three key areas and gives an idea of how far we are still from reaching the targets of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Sustainable and inclusive economic growth can drive progress, create decent jobs for all and improve living standards. COVID-19 has destroyed billions of lives and threatened the global economy. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expects the global economic downturn to be as severe as in 2009, or even worse. As the number of job losses rises, the International Labor Organization estimates that nearly half of the world's workforce is at risk of losing their livelihoods. Even before the outbreak of COVID-19, one in five of all countries with billions of people living in poverty may have experienced a stagnation or decline in per capita income in 2020. Currently, the economic and financial turmoil associated with COVID-19, such as disruptions to industrial production, falling commodity prices, financial market volatility, and rising volatility, are offsetting already modest economic growth and exacerbating heightened risks from other factors. .
Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and innovation
Inclusive and sustainable industrialization, along with innovation and infrastructure, can unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that create employment and income. They play a key role in introducing and promoting new technologies, facilitating international trade and ensuring the efficient use of resources.
However, the world still has a long way to go to reach its full potential. In particular, the least developed countries need to accelerate the development of their manufacturing sector if they are to meet the 2030 target and increase investment in research and innovation.
Global manufacturing growth has been declining steadily even before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic is currently hitting manufacturing industries hard and disrupting global value chains and supply chains.
Innovation and technological progress are key to finding long-term solutions to both economic and environmental problems, such as improving resource efficiency and energy efficiency. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a percentage of GDP increased from 1.5% in 2000 to 1.7% in 2015 and remained virtually unchanged in 2017, but in developing regions it was only less than 1 %.
In terms of communications infrastructure, more than half of the world's population is now connected to the Internet, and nearly all of the world's population lives within range of some form of mobile network. In 2019, it is estimated that 96.5% of the world's population was covered by some kind of minimum 2G network.
Goal 10: Reduce inequalities within and between countries
Reducing inequalities and ensuring that no one is left behind is integral to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
Inequality within and between countries is a constant cause for concern. Despite some positive signs of inequality reduction in some respects, such as reduced relative income inequality in some countries and preferential trade status for low-income countries, inequality still persists. COVID-19 has exacerbated existing inequalities, hitting the poorest and most vulnerable communities hardest. He drew attention to economic inequalities and fragile social safety nets that have placed vulnerable communities at the brunt of the crisis. At the same time, social, political and economic inequalities have exacerbated the impact of the pandemic. On the economic front, the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly raised unemployment rates worldwide and drastically reduced workers' incomes. COVID-19 is also jeopardizing the limited progress that has been made on gender equality and women's rights in recent decades. In everything from health care to the economy, from security to social protection, the impact of COVID-19 is more severe for women and girls simply because of their gender. Inequality is also widening for vulnerable populations in countries with weaker health systems and in those countries suffering from ongoing humanitarian crises. Refugees and migrants, as well as indigenous peoples, the elderly, persons with disabilities and children, are particularly at risk of being left behind. In addition, hate speech against vulnerable groups is on the rise.
Goal 11: Ensuring openness, safety, resilience and environmental sustainability of cities and communities
The world is becoming more and more urbanized. More than half of the world's population has lived in cities since 2007 and this share is projected to rise to 60% by 2030.
Cities and metropolitan areas are the centers of economic growth, providing about 60% of global GDP. However, they also account for about 70% of global carbon emissions and more than 60% of resource use.
Rapid urbanization results in an increase in the number of slum dwellers, inadequate and congested infrastructure and services (such as waste collection and water and sanitation systems, roads and transport), worsening air pollution and unplanned urban sprawl. The impact of COVID-19 will be most devastating in poor and densely populated urban areas, especially for the 1 billion people living in informal settlements and slums around the world, where overcrowding also makes it difficult to adhere to recommended measures such as social distancing and self-isolation.
The UN food organization, FAO, has warned that hunger and deaths could rise significantly in urban areas unless action is taken to ensure access to food for the poor and vulnerable.
Goal 12: Ensure the transition to sustainable consumption and production patterns
Consumption and production around the world - the driving force behind the world economy - is based on the use of the natural environment and resources in a way that continues to have a devastating effect on the planet.
Socio-economic progress over the past century has been accompanied by environmental degradation that threatens the very systems on which our future development, and indeed our very survival, depend. Some facts and figures:
each year, approximately one third of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tons worth approximately US$1 trillion – ends up rotting in consumer and retailers' trash cans or is spoiled due to poor transport and collection conditions;
if the world's population switched to the use of energy-saving light bulbs, the world would save 120 billion US dollars annually;
if the world's population reaches 9.6 billion by 2050, it will take the resources of the three planets Earth to provide the natural resources needed to sustain the current lifestyle.
The COVID-19 pandemic offers countries an opportunity to develop recovery plans that will reverse current trends and change our consumption and production patterns towards a more sustainable future. Sustainable consumption and production aims to “do more and better with less”. They also aim to overcome the direct relationship between economic growth and environmental degradation, improve resource efficiency and promote more sustainable lifestyles.
In addition, sustainable consumption and production can make a significant contribution to poverty reduction and the transition to a low-carbon and green economy.
Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
2019 was the second warmest year on record and the end of the warmest decade (2010-2019) on record. In 2019, new record levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases were recorded in the atmosphere.
Climate change affects all countries on all continents. It destroys the economies of countries and affects people's lives. Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising and weather events are becoming more severe.
While greenhouse gas emissions are projected to fall by about 6% in 2020 due to travel bans and slower economic growth as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, this improvement is only temporary. Climate change has not stopped. Once the global economy begins to recover from the pandemic, emissions are expected to return to higher levels.
To save lives and livelihoods, urgent action is needed to combat both the pandemic and the climate emergency. Adopted in 2015, the Paris Agreement aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping global average temperature increases this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The purpose of the Agreement is also to strengthen the ability of countries to cope with the impacts of climate change through appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and a capacity building framework.
Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
The ocean determines the operation of global systems that make the Earth habitable for mankind. Our rain and drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. The rational use of this most important global resource is the key to a sustainable future. However, coastal waters are now steadily deteriorating due to pollution, and ocean acidification is adversely affecting ecosystem functioning and biodiversity. It also negatively affects small-scale fisheries.
Saving our ocean must remain a priority. Marine biodiversity is critical to the health of people and our planet. Marine protected areas must be effectively managed and adequately resourced, and regulations must be adopted to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.
Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Nature is critical to our survival: nature supplies us with oxygen, regulates our weather patterns, pollinates our crops, and produces food, feed and fiber for us. But it is under increasing negative influence. Human activity has changed almost 75% of the Earth's surface, pushing wildlife and nature into a very tiny corner of the planet.
According to the 2019 Global Assessment of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, about 1 million animal and plant species are at risk of extinction, and many of them will be at risk of extinction over the coming decades. The report calls for significant changes to restore and protect nature. As the report found, the health of the ecosystems on which we and all other species depend is deteriorating faster than ever, affecting the very foundations of our economy, livelihoods, food security, health and quality of life around the world.
Deforestation and desertification caused by human activity and climate change are a major impediment to the achievement of sustainable development and affect the lives and livelihoods of millions of people. Forests are vital to sustaining life on Earth and play an important role in combating climate change. The State of the World's Forests 2020 highlights that about 420 million hectares of trees have been lost to agriculture and other land uses since 1990. And investing in land restoration is critical to improving living standards, reducing vulnerability, and reducing risks to the economy. In addition, the health of our planet plays an important role in terms of the occurrence of zoonotic diseases, that is, diseases that are transmitted between animals and humans. As we continue to encroach on fragile ecosystems, we are bringing people into ever-closer contact with wildlife, allowing pathogens in the wild to spread to livestock and humans, increasing the risk of disease occurrence and spread.
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, ensure access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice remain a serious threat to sustainable development. The number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict surpassed 70 million in 2018, the highest level ever recorded by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in nearly 70 years. In 2019, the United Nations tracked 357 killings and 30 enforced disappearances of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists in 47 countries. In addition, around 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 are born globally, depriving these children of the identity documents that are critical to protecting their rights and accessing justice and social services.
Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the work of the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
The SDGs can only be realized through strong global partnerships and cooperation.
Successful implementation of the sustainable development agenda is not possible without the development of inclusive partnerships at the global, regional and local levels, built on principles and values, a common vision and common goals, focused on the interests of people and the planet.
To stimulate growth and trade, many countries require official development assistance. However, aid levels are declining, and donor countries have not delivered on their promise to increase development funding. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the global economy is projected to contract sharply by 3% in 2020, experiencing its worst downturn since the Great Depression.
Now more than ever, close international cooperation is needed to ensure that countries have the means to recover from the pandemic, recover better and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
But practice shows that the efforts of the UN do not lead to the desired result. For all the importance of each of the goals set, they are not structured according to their importance. And the tools available to the United Nations are very limited.
We, in turn, offer a universal formula for building the Noosphere, ensuring the survival and sustainable development of mankind. This is ECOSANACLUB.